Developing countries double down on technology at Havana summit | USA and the world

Marc, Frank and Nelson Acosta

HAVANA (Reuters) – Developing countries on Saturday declared Sept. 16 the annual “Science, Technology and Innovation Day in the South” as they prepared to wrap up a two-day summit on the topic.

“We note with great concern the existing disparities between developed and developing countries in terms of the conditions, opportunities and capacities to create new scientific and technological knowledge,” the G77 and China’s final declaration said.

“We call on the international community, the United Nations system and international financial institutions to support the efforts of the countries of the South to develop and strengthen their national systems of science, technology and innovation,” the organization currently consists of 134 countries. stated.

The statement cites the pandemic and the unequal distribution of vaccines as examples, noting that all but Cuba were developed outside the bloc and that rich countries were disproportionately vaccinated.

China insists it is not a member of the G77 despite being included in the bloc, but Beijing says it supports the group’s legitimate demands and maintains cooperative relations.

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel, whose country chairs the organization this year, said on Friday that UN figures show 10 countries account for 90% of patents and 70% of exports of advanced digital manufacturing technologies.

“The development and deployment of advanced digital manufacturing technologies remains concentrated around the world, with little activity in most emerging economies,” he said.

The G77, which is the largest in the United Nations by population and membership, called for a special meeting to address issues raised at the summit.

The 46-point final declaration reiterates long-term demands for a fairer international economic and social order, which it says is impossible without ending the technological dominance of developed countries.

At the same time, it calls for greater cooperation between member states in the fields of science, technology and innovation as part of their development strategies.

Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva told the crowd on Saturday that the group should promote sustainable industrialization, investment in renewable energy, the bioeconomy and low-carbon agriculture “without forgetting that we do not have the same historical debt as rich countries for global warming.” “

While more than 100 member delegations attended the summit, only Brazil and a few dozen others were led by heads of state.

(Reporting by Mark Frank and Nelson Acosta; Editing by David Gregorio)

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